Peru has a great geographical diversity and is subject to extremely varied climates by the altitude and the seasons. Here is a summary of the weather by region:
Peru is a country immensely rich in biodiversity. It now houses more than 40,000 species of plants, including 3,000 species of orchids.
The Peruvian rivers count about 2,000 species of fishes, more that counts the Atlantic Ocean. More than 3,700 species of butterflies can be observed in Peru, which represents a world record. Peru has registered 1710 species of birds, whose 300 are endemic.
For mammals, there are over 32 species of monkeys, jaguars, pink river dolphins (botos) and giant otters in the rain forest. The Andean fauna is composed of pumas, llamas, alpacas and vicunas. Do not forget the biggest bird in the world with its 3.6 meters of wingspan, the Andean condor.
Peru is known in all South America for the diversity of its gastronomy, made by a mix of Spanish and native food. Travelers will have the opportunity to taste local specialities like: • The ceviche, the national dish: slighty cooked or raw fish, marinated in some green lemon juice!
In Peru, it is important to follow some rules of hygiene and health. We recommend you to:
No vaccinations are compulsory for the travelers from Europe or from Canada. However, some are recommended:
Besides a vaccination against the yellow fever, a treatment against the malaria can be recommended (consult your doctor).
recommend to the people with cardiac problems to consult their doctor before any travel. For the travelers wishing to make a hike or a trek, it is recommended to train physically (walking, hiking, swimming…)
We recommend you to consult your doctor, he will supply you the adequate medicine according to your profile. In case of headaches, prefer aspirin to paracetamol.
We disadvise taking of sleeping drugs, aggravating the hypoxie (lack of oxygen, main cause of the evil of the height). When taking Diamox® : Diamox is a diuretic, which increases the ventilatoire answer in the lack of oxygen. It is very effective in case of altitude sickness. It must be taken in case of persistent troubles. Indeed, a natural acclimatization is to be favored, by taking into account the unwanted effects of Diamox.
The disadvantages of the Diamox:
During the tours, there is few risks of traveling in Peru. However, it is preferable to adopt some rules when travelling by public transport or during your free visits in the cities:
Here is an exhaustive list of what to bring during a journey in Peru.
We recommend you to consult a specialist before your departure
We recommend you to inquire with your airline company to check with its regulations about luggage.
Peru has a great geographic diversity and different climates in all regions, determined by its altitude and seasons, here is a summary of the weather by region:
the weather can be very changeable during the same day. We recommend you to bring with you various clothes, warm for the fresh evenings, lighter for the sunny days, and a rainy coat.
In Peru, the daily life is punctuated with a large number of festivals, which take place throughout the year, even in the most isolated villages of the country where saints and faiths are celebrated with great fanfare. Some of the most important holidays that you may attend according to your program:
She was named like this further to the vision of a Jesuit priest of the Virgin Mary fighting against a demon. This holiday lasts two weeks; the main day is February 2nd. Considered as a carnival, it is characterized by many parades and folk dance competitions. February 10th and 11th are also two important days in Puno because competitions of dance between the different districts of the city take place in the stadium and in the streets. Then the craziest and most colored costumes illuminate the capital of Altiplano, which lives only for the festival until February 15th.
It's the last week of Lent. The festivities begin on Thursday after Palm Sunday and lasts until Easter Sunday. The processions take place throughout the country, with major figures as religious icons such as the Virgin Mary. The most impressive and famous processions are in the cities of Ayacucho, Cusco and Huaraz. These festivals are associated with old ancestral faiths of the Catholic traditions imported from Europe
Every years, the communities of Huinchiri, Chaupibanda, Ccollana Quehue and Pelcaro meet to restore the last Inca bridge of Peru. This bridge is made entirely of ropes of braided grass and requires annual restoration. During these 4 days, this is an opportunity to celebrate all together this event. An unique and unforgettable experience to share with us!
This is one of the biggest native celebrations of Latin America, gathering more than eighty thousand pilgrims every year. "Ccoyllor Ritti" is a Quechua word meaning 'Snow Star', this Andean belief has been transformed and adapted by the Catholic religion, to be replaced by Taytacha Qoylloriti, the “Lord of Snows”. The people of the Ocongate’s area (located at 2h30 from Cusco), perform an annual rite, whose symbol is the icon of Christ, meaning the integration of man to the nature. This festival is not only associated with the fertility of the ground, but also with the spirits of animals and mountains (apus) and other guardian gods. The main rite takes place at the foot of the mountain Sinakara where meet long processions of pilgrims coming from all the regions.
Before the arrival of Catholicism in Peru, there was a native holiday to celebrate the 14 Inca kings and emperors in Cusco, the capital of the empire. People made processions of their dead kings’ mummies through the city. Shocked by this practice, the Spanish replaced the mummies by 14 elegantly dressed Catholic icons. So, every year since the beginning of the colonial age, every parishes of Cusco and its surroundings carries his patron saint in procession up to the cathedral to make it bless.
This festival is a reconstruction of the Fiesta del Sol (Festival of the Sun) which was current within the Inca Empire and which celebrated the winter solstice, the shortest day of the year, signal of the end of the agricultural year and the beginning of another one. They worshipped the sun by honoring it with many sacrifices of animals and with offerings to assure its return and thus, the beautiful season. Many dances and Incas customs are reconstructed through a great show staging thousands of actors throughout the day. The representation takes place on the site of the fortress of Sacsayhuaman, adding at the same time a historic and mystic dimension.
This festival is directly inherited from the Spanish Catholic tradition. Refers to an apparition of the Virgin Mary on the Mount Carmel, in Israel. One of the places of cult of the Virgen del Carmen is in Paucartambo, Peru. Parades of dancers in colorful costumes take place in the region of Cusco, and that day the Virgen blesses the participants and takes the demons away.
It commemorates the declaration of independence of Peru by José San Martín who takes Lima on July 28th, 1821. On this occasion, military and student parades take place in all the country.
As in all the catholic countries, the Assumption is an important holiday. On August 15th, there are processions and festivities in the main cities.
This pilgrimage is an annual event held in memory of the Incas exploited in the mines by the Spanish during the colonial time. El Señor de Huanca became the icon of the working poor and mistreated working. On September 14th, the inhabitants of Cusco walk until Huanca, a village near Pisaq, where is located the sanctuary of the Lord of Huanca.
Between England and Peru, there are 6 hours difference from March to October (summer time). However, from November to February, there are only 5 hours apart.
Between Quebec, Canada, there is only one-hour difference from March to October and no difference from November to February.
Voltage : 110/220V
Frequency: 50/60 Hertz
There are 2 kinds of electrical outlets in Peru:
Even if it is sometimes possible to connect your devices in the second type, we recommend you to bring with you a universal adapter for your journey in Peru.
In Amazonia forest, the electric access is limited to a few hours a day. We recommend you to recharge your batteries before arriving at Puerto Maldonado.
From Peru, it is very easy to communicate with friends and families; there are many phone boxes and the Internet coverage is very good.
To call from Peru to England: 00 + 44 + phone number of your correspondent.
To call from Peru to Canada: 00 + 1 + phone number of your correspondent.
To call from England / Canada to Peru: 00 + 51 + area code of the city (without 0) + phone number of your correspondent.
You will find mail boxes in every airport, and in most of the hotels. However, we recommend preferring central posts.
It is necessary to count at least 10 days for the addressee receives a letter since Lima.